Jaundice & Viral Hepatitis : An Abstract
The Viral Hepatitis,causing inflammatory reaction of the Liver, can
result from A to E strains of Viruses.
This is spread by feco-oral route(contamination). Most of
the infections pass unnoticed.
Incubation 2 to 6 weeks.
Treatment is by supportive methods only.
After infection immunity is probably for life long.
The disease is self limiting and no carrier state or chronic liver
Vaccination routinely is not recomeded.
Spread: Blood products, secretions and sexual intercourse with multiple
Risk groups: Homosexuals,Health workers,Drug abusers,Dialysis patients.
Incubation 1 to 6 months.
Treatment: supportive and chronic hepatitis may respond to IFN.
Prognosis: Good but 5 to 10 % may go into chronic hepatitis leading to
cirrhosis of the liver and/or cancer. Rarely Nephritis.
Vaccination: For the risk groups, partners of carriers, children born to
carriers and others by option. Vaccination is done at Health Centre.
Treatment : Similar to Hepatitis B
Caution : Transfusion blood is to be screened; A must !
This is an incomplete (RNA)virus which exists in presence of Hepatitis B
and is spread by the same routes. This increses the incidence of
cirrhosis of the liver.
This is similar to Hepatitis A in transmission and clinical features.
There is no apparant risk of chronic liver disease or cirrhosis of the
AT PRESENT VACCINES FOR HEPATITIS C, D, and E ARE NOT AVAILABLE
For all queries please contact your Doctor.